People with glaucoma usually have issues with their eyesight. The pressure in your eyes can cause blurry vision and can even lead to pain. Glaucoma is a disease that develops when pressure builds up in your eye and causes damage to the optic nerve. The optic nerve is the source of vision, which goes from your eyes to your brain. The optic nerve also carries nerve fibers from your brain to your eyelids, where they provide you with color and texture awareness.
Your eyes are very complex machines. They work in a similar manner to an automobile’s engine. When you view an object, various light reflecting from the object is reflected onto the front of your eyes through the pupil and is then focused through the various optical elements in the eyes. When the light reaches the correct focus, it is then focused on the retina, a thin circular area at the back of your eye, to form a sharp image. The retina continually sends signals to your brain, telling it what sort of shape and color you are seeing.
However, your eyes are much more complicated than that. First of all, your eyeball, or the front part of your eye, is made up of a very complex structure. It consists of two separate cones, one smaller and one larger, and has many nerves and functions. For example, the smallest part of your eyeball has the optic nerve, which sends signals to your brain. And, the part of your eyeball that comes into contact with the object you are looking at contains the posterior chamber, where the sensitive parts of your eye anatomy are located.
Glaucoma affects most people who suffer from normal vision, but if aqueous humor gets trapped inside your eyes, or if it gets refilled with aqueous humor, you can experience blurred vision, halos around lights, and other vision impairments. The cause of glaucoma is due to damage to your iris, the portion of your eye that houses the natural drainage of fluid called aqueous humor. This fluid turns into a gel when it meets with stiffer layers of tissue in the anterior chamber of your eye, causing damage to this part of your eyes.
Two major areas of your eye work during eye movement. These areas are the cornea and the eyelid. The cornea is made up of a thin, transparent covering called the cornea. It is shaped like a baseball shell and is usually transparent as well. The iris, which is the colored portion of your eye, is placed inside of the cornea. This plays an important part in keeping the eye working correctly by housing the light receptors, which are located in the middle of the iris.
One interesting thing about your eyes is that even though you can see perfectly well most of the time, there are times when your eyes experience a slight flicker when moving your eyes around. This flicker is called a trabeculoplasty, and is the result of a soft tissue known as the trabecular meshwork. This soft tissue consists of many nerve fibers, and if it becomes damaged, the nerves can become irritated and inflamed, causing the occasional loss of vision. Some people suffer from nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism, so it’s important that the health of this important part of your eye is regularly monitored.