There is much talk these days about electric cars. Many people have visions of electric cars that do not exist today. Yet this technology is already well developed. And there is no reason why more improvements will not be made. Electric cars are cleaner and more efficient than internal combustion engines.
short tailpipe theory
But it’s also frequently claimed by scientists that electric cars only transfer pollution to the fuel station; this is called the short tailpipe theory. To an extent, this is quite correct. However, it fails to note the fact that almost all major power stations are much greener than traditional internal combustion engines on the market in terms of efficiency and energy. So electric cars are not transferring anything particularly harmful.
the engine does not burn up
To put it straight, internal combustion engine cars pollute because they consume fossil fuels (that’s what they burn up) at high temperatures. The pollution is transferred to the air and water. But when you run an electric car the engine itself does not burn up. The electricity is stored in a battery, and the battery stores enough electricity for the motor to run continuously without burning up. The battery-electric car is, therefore, cleaner than internal combustion engine cars.
Electric cars also reduce pollution because they are much more efficient than their internal combustion counterparts. This means that they consume less energy. When an electric car runs down, the vehicle consumes less energy to run the engine. As a result, there is less energy consumed, thus the emissions that pollute the air are reduced.
Additionally, the efficiency of electric cars is enhanced by another important technological advantage: the use of regenerative braking. Regenerative braking uses the power of the onboard regenerative braking system. This system converts the kinetic energy (the energy you have just created as the result of your footfalls and collisions with the surrounding scenery) into energy that the battery can use. The stored energy is then converted back into electricity that the vehicle can use directly. This system not only allows you to save on fuel expenditure but it also reduces your carbon footprint.